|Keywords||chlorinated by-products, TTHM formation potential, TTHMs and HAAs, surface water, pre-chlorination, pre-ozonation|
|Abstract||The occurrence of THMs and HAAs, and other volatile organics in Istanbul (Turkey) and Salerno (Italy) surface water resources was investigated by the previous and present data obtained on raw, coagulated, pre-chlorinated, pre-ozonated water samples. The present drinking water directives/regulations in developed countries set maximum contaminant level (MCL) for THMs at different levels. In Italy, where the 80-85% of water demand is supplied by groundwater, a relatively low THMs value of 30 μg l-1 was set, however there are no HAAs and bromate limits. On the other hand, there is still no regulation for the THMs in Turkey. The characterization of chlorinated by-products, particularly THMs, is detailed according to raw water origin and treatment technologies currently applied in both cities.|
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|Included Refrences||27 References (List...)|
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|Name||Affiliation||Home page||Total pubs|
|Belgiorno V||Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano(SA), Italy||24|
|Meric S||Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno 4084 Fisciano (SA), Italyfirstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com||16|
|Nikolaou AD||Department of Marine Sciences, University of the Aegean, University Hill, 81100 Mytilene, Greecefirstname.lastname@example.org||44|
|Rizzo L||Depart. of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italyemail@example.com||7|
|Selcuk H||Department of Environmental Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Istanbul University, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkiye.||firstname.lastname@example.org||7|
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