|Keywords||Stormwater runoff, water pollution, water quality, highways, best management practices (BMPs), environmental legislation|
|Abstract||Stormwater runoff in the highway network, which is discontinuous in terms of time and is not concentrated to a specific location, constitutes a non - point source pollution. It includes various constituents which can degrade the water quality of water bodies, ground and surface, where it endes. In the past the interest for the stormwater runoff was limited to the control of supply during peak periods so to avoid floods and their impacts. As far as quality is concerned the interest was focused on the control of the deposits of sediments and on the erosion. The importance of the impacts of the stormwater runoff received little attention. Nowadays, it is a common ascertainment that stormwater runoff in the urban and interurban road network consist non - point source pollution which contributes to the degrading of the quality of water of ground and surface water bodies. Taking into account the fact that water pollution has impacts to people and also to flora and fauna the need to take measures in order to confront this environmental problem becomes inevitable. The adverse impacts of the stormwater runoff can be minimized with structural and non-structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) or with a combination of them. The need to study the impacts of the stormwater runoff and then to design and implement the appropriate measures is essential at national and international level also due to the fact that, in the near future, there will be a complete network of Pan-European Road Corridors and its continuation in Greece. This network nowadays serves high traffic volumes in many of its parts and the situation will be worsen in the future due to the increase in the number of vehicles and trips (either passenger or freight trips). Within the content of the present paper the following are included: a) the investigation and presentation of the receiving waters pollution issues from the highway road network stormwater runoff together with the European transport policy concerning the development of an integrated highway road network, b) the examination of the respective pollutant generation and characteristics, c) the presentation of their impacts d) the examination of the measures (structural and non-structural BMPs) e) the presentation of the “first flush” phenomenon, f) The presentation of the existing legislation in the EU with emphasis in the E.U. Directive 2000/60/EC as well as the presentation of the relevant existing environmental legislation in Greece, including also the presentation of the way the Highway Guidelines actually deal with the specific problem.|
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|Included Refrences||20 References (List...)|
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|Name||Affiliation||Home page||Total pubs|
|Basbas S||Faculty of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessalonikiemail@example.com||17|
|Giannopoulou IS||Division of Hydraulics & Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greecefirstname.lastname@example.org||7|
|Yannopoulos SJ||Associate Professor, Department of Rural Engineering, Faculty of Rural and Surveying Engineering, School of Technology, A.U.TH., 540 06 Thessaloniki, Greece.||email@example.com||8|
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